American Woodland Indians
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In terms of musical characteristics, the Eastern Woodlands area stretches from New Brunswick, Canada, south to the Gulf of Mexico and from…. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. Northeast Indian , member of any of the Native American peoples living at the time of European contact in the area roughly bounded in the north by the transition from predominantly deciduous forest to the taiga, in the east by the Atlantic Ocean, in the west by the Mississippi River valley,…. Clovis complex , ancient culture that was widely distributed throughout North America.
It is named for the first important archaeological site found, in , near Clovis, N. Clovis sites were long believed to have dated to about to bc , although early 21st-century analyses suggest the culture may have been…. The large area was the traditional home of a diverse array of peoples,….
History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About. The kindness of the Iroquois is also talked about by historians.
Strangers were welcome and food was always provided.
American Woodland Indians - The Wandering Bull, LLC
When visiting an Iroquois home one was expected to taste the food offered and to say -Hi-ne-a-wah- I thank you. Visitors were given food, clothing, and a place to sleep. Very important to this culture was wampum. Wampum belts and necklaces were made from wampum beads.
These beads were actually white and purple shells. Wampum was used as money between white man and Indians. Wampum belts were used as a form of communication between Indian tribes.
American Woodland Indians
Wampum belts would be made into pictures showing the reason it was made. All Indian messengers carried wampum belts when going to other tribes. The Cherokee lived mainly in what is now Tennessee and Georgia. Like the Iroquois, the Cherokee depended on their natural resources for survival.
They lived in about fairly large villages. A normal Cherokee town had about 30 - 60 houses and a large meeting building. Cherokee homes were usually wattle and daub. Wattle is twigs, branches, and stalks woven together to make a frame for a building. Daub is a sticky substance like mud or clay. The Cherokee covered the wattle frame with daub. This created the look of an upside down basket.
Later, log cabins with bark roofs were used for homes. The Cheokee villages also had fences around them to prevent enemies from entering. Like the Iroquois, the Cherokee also hunted small game such as deer, rabbit, and bear. Since their villages were usually near streams or lakes, they also fished using spears and nets.
Berries, nuts, and wild plants were important forms of food for the Cherokee. The Cherokee were considered to be excellent farmers. They had large farms which grew corns, beans, and squash. The Cherokee women wore skirts woven from plants. The men wore breechcloths or leggings.
The men would paint their skin and decorate it with tattoos. The women would sew feathers into light capes made of netting. The Cherokee were considered one of the most "civilized" Indian tribes of North America. They had their own government, laws, courts, and schools. It had 86 characters. Within a few years all of the Cherokees could read and write it.
Who Are the Woodland Tribes?
Between and the white man began to push westward into the Cherokee territory. The Cherokee fought hard to keep their land. They even took their fight against being removed from their land to court. At first it seemed like they might win.
But they were forced to leave the land they loved. IN ONE of the saddest stories in our history, thousands of men, women, and children were forced off of the land they loved and moved into crowded forts with very little food.
- Hall of Eastern Woodlands Native Americans | AMNH?
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They were then forced to walk over a thousand miles to what is now Arkansas. It was an unusually cold winter. Many of the Indians were barefoot with little clothing. They were forced to walk through snow and ice.
Eastern Woodland Culture
They ate only what they could find along the way. Many Indians died along the way, especially older Indians and children. Their bloody footprints left trails of blood in the snow. They cried as they went because they were leaving the land they loved, the land they had called home for so many years. This horribly long, sad journey of the Cherokee has become known in history as "The Trail of Tears".
Mound Builders were Inidans who built large mounds, or hills, or earth. There were two types of mounds, flat-topped and conical. Flat-topped mounds were flat on the top. These mounds were used as the base for temples or chief's homes. Conical mounds were rounded on the top like a steep hill. These mounds are believed to be where the Mound Builders buried important people. These mounds were built entirely by workers who carried loads of earth on their backs.
They had no horses or oxen or other forms of transportation to use for help. Many of these mounds have several hundred tons of dirt, stone, and other materials. The Mound Builders were like the Pueblo Indians. Mound Builders was not their name, just a name given to them because of the types of homes or type of community they lived in. The culture of the Mississippian Mound Builders is found in Cahokia, Illinois, which is very close to where we live.
The largest of the Mississippian Mounds was found in Cahokia, Illinois. It had about 40, people. Cahokia had over mounds. Some were conical to bury their dead.