Neuro-informatics and Neural Modelling (Handbook of Biological Physics)

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Previous Figure Next Figure. Email or Customer ID. Forgot password? Old Password. New Password. Recommendation R6: that future workshops on training issues be organised, particularly one to discuss training issues relating to clinical and industrial applications and in which clinical and industrial representatives take part.

This would involve the formation of the respective committees and planning a set of activi- ties. There is a need for a person at the INCF Secretariat to be directly responsible for training matters. Appendix A: Current Teaching Pro- vision The current teaching provision is described by giving ex- amples of what are known to the participants as highly respected programmes. It was not the intention, nor was it possible, to give an exhaustive list. A1 Group 1 undergraduates A1. There is a BSc course under development and due to be launched at Warsaw in Autumn Half of the curriculum is made up of courses in physics and applied mathematics.

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In the other half there are i cours- es in cell biology, neurobiology and psychology together with ii a variety of elective courses including neural networks, statistical inference and programming. In ad- dition, there is iii significant practical training in EEG ac- quisition and analysis. In one half of the course, students study physics, chemistry, psychology and mathematics.

In the other half, there are mandatory courses on cellular molecular neuroscience and on be- havioral integrative neuroscience. The several elective courses include computational neuroscience. There are two lab rotations. The Centre for Neurogenomics and Cognitive Research CNCR at the VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands, offers undergraduate neuroscience courses including courses on computational neuroscience, neuroscience- oriented bioinformatics and systems neuroscience. The Faculty of Information Technology at the Peter Pazmany Catholic University at Budapest teaches a 3-year undergraduate degree in Information Engineering with a minor in neuroscience and genetics.

The Division of Biophysical Engineering, Department of Systems Science, Osaka University, Japan offers an under- graduate course combining biological and physical sci- ences teaching, including neurophysiology, cell biology, signal processing and computer programming. To give one example, a survey of neuroinformatics teaching in the UK in revealed that 23 universities offered such courses, mainly in the final year of study. These were in degree programmes in mathematics, physics, comput- er science, informatics, electronics, engineering, bioengi- neering, biosciences, physiology, neuroscience, psychol- ogy or cognitive sciences.

PhD courses that contain a large amount of course work where Masters de- grees can be awarded to students who finish prematurely are included in Section A3 Group 3, PhD students. Most of these courses are a combination of taught modules and a research project.

Neuro-informatics and Neural Modelling, Volume 4 - 1st Edition

The goals of the month Master in Neural Systems and Computation at the University of Zurich and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology is to supply training in experimental, theoretical and computational neurosci- ences and neuromorphic engineering. The first of three semesters has courses on compu- tational neuroscience and methods in neuroinformatics, together with a course in mathematics for the biologists and one in neuroscience for those from the numerate sci- ences.

In each of semesters 2 and 3, the students carry out a research project, on two different topics. Funded places are available. Two teaching streams are recognised, according to whether students are from the life sciences or the physical sciences. Stu- dents are taught a wide range of theoretical techniques, including mathematical and computational modelling, probabilistic methods for analysing data and topics from neuromorphic engineering and brain inspired comput- ing.

There are two semesters of taught courses and in the third semester a research project is undertaken. The University of Edinburgh, UK, runs a large 1-year MSc degree programme in Informatics, comprising taught courses and a summer project. Students choose a par- ticular combination of courses. One of these is neuroin- formatics, with courses on neural computing, neural information processing, computational neuroscience of vision, cognitive modelling, probabilistic modelling and machine learning.

The first year is devoted to taught courses, the second year to lab rotations and a re- search project. These subjects may be either one of the physical or the life sciences. Courses taught in a life sciences department Many of the seven two-year Masters courses in Neurosci- ence in the Netherlands include courses on neuroinfor- matics related topics, such as computational neurosci- ence, neural development, systems biology, cognitive modelling, data analysis and image analysis.

Typically the courses are 18 months long, combining taught courses, lab rotations, and a research project. In addition, Germany still maintains, at a few places, the traditional Diploma degree education in which students acquire a Diploma degree in Biology with a possible spe- cialisation in neuroinformatics according to the courses they choose and the specialization in their research to- wards the Diploma thesis.

This comprises taught courses and a research project consisting of one third of the total time. The focus is on experimental neuroscience although a few of the courses are devoted to topics in neuroinformatics. One variant of this theme is used at the University of Wa- terloo, Canada. Students attend a course on simulating biological systems, two courses chosen from a list of options and a seminar in theoretical neuroscience.

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The International Masters Programme in Computational and Systems Biology in Stockholm, Sweden has a mod- ule on mathematical modelling that focusses on neural modelling. In some cases this training is integrated in the PhD course; in some cases students receive their training while be- ing enrolled in a programme in one of the related larger disciplines e.

PhD programmes specialising in computational neuro- science exist at the Universities of Chicago, Princeton, Pennsylvania and Carnegie Mellon. It takes in around 12 funded stu- dents per year for a 5-year course in computational neu- roscience. Student backgrounds include biology, physics, chemistry, psychology, computer science, engineering and mathematics. Students acquire theoretical and ex- perimental expertise in neurobiology and psychology including information processing in nerve cells , phys- ics including neural networks and statistical mechanics and computer science including computation theory and optimization.

In the first year, there is intensive instruction in techniques and research in theo- retical neuroscience and machine learning. This is made up of core courses followed by specialist courses in theo- retical neuroscience and in machine learning and then a research project. Students have to undergo assessment before admission to the 3-year research for their PhDs. The Doctoral Training Centre in Neuroinformatics and Computational Neuroscience at Edinburgh, UK, opened in and admits around 10 funded students per year on a 4-year programme.

This is intended for students from the physical sciences and so a criterion for admis- sion is a good level of mathematical and computational knowledge. The first year is effectively a Masters course involving a combination of coursework and research proj- ect. The first semester is shared with students studying for the MSc in Neuroscience. In the second semester, stu- dents study neuroinformatics courses including a course based on the local neuroinformatics research. Over the summer, students carry out a research project in an ex- perimental lab.

During this first year, the students decide on their PhD project, which they carry out in years 2 to 4. The courses offered by BCCN Berlin are formalised into a 3-year programme, in which, in addition to carrying out research, each PhD stu- dent takes one full-time semester of course work. The curriculum is designed to pro- mote a broad knowledge of relevant aspects of experi- mental and theoretical molecular, cellular, neural, and systems biology; computational devices; information 14 At Weill Cornell, USA, neuroinformatics graduate training is part of a larger programme in computational biology.

The course is made up of one summer of lab rotations, one year of coursework in mathematics, applied math- ematics, and computer science, a year of lab rotations and biology coursework at the medical school campus, and then thesis work years. About one third of the students are interested in neuroscience, and the students with little biology background seem to benefit a lot from this training. Students can attend courses in neuroscience as well as from other disciplines such as mathematics and theoretical biology. Many run on an annual basis.

These courses are attended by PhD students, postdoctoral researchers and, exceptionally, academic staff. Therefore, the comments made in this section about these courses may also apply to groups 4 Postdocs and 5 Academics , as well as to group 3. It is convenient to distinguish short courses which are for one week or more from those which are for less than one week.

Course fees are charged but most courses award stipends to students. The courses are very competitive and are designed for early career researchers and most attendees are doctoral students. The courses fulfill the need for students in neu- roinformatics who wish for training in another technique or wish to increase their knowledge of a particular topic. However, they cannot serve to give a basic grounding in a subject such as teaching neuroscience to a physicist.

The 3-week course Methods in Computational Neuroscience, the 2-week course Neuroinformatics fo- cusing on methods for acquisition, storage and analysis of time series neuroscience data and, more recently, com- putational neuroanatomy , both offered by Woods Hole, and the 3-week course Computational Neuroscience: Vi- sion offered by CSHL all emphasise the multidisciplinary approach. Many other courses would be of interest to students studying neuroinformatics, but generally are less accessible owing to the severe competition for plac- es with neuroscientists.

About half the participants on the Woods Hole courses are graduate students. Currently it is three weeks long. The goal of the school was to bridge the gap between future cellular and cognitive neuroscientists and to engage the students majoring in physics and mathematics into the field of computational neuroscience.

10 Best Neuroscience Textbooks 2018

It combines 3-hour tutorials by visiting speakers with the study of selected research papers. The course is intended as a tutorial for BCCN students as well as an open course for external stu- dents. It attracts around 25 participants. Some of these occur regularly, being attached to regular scientific meetings; some are organised on a one-off basis.

Some are free and some charge a fee. Here are some examples: Since the functional neuroimaging community in- volved in Statistical Parameter Mapping has held a vari- ety of training events lasting days typically, initially in London and now spreading to other locations. The cours- es are very popular. They are attended mainly by people working in the field already and fees are charged. A 1-day techniques course precedes the annual Human Brain Mapping conference. These are attended by pre- and postdoctoral workers and by academics. Various organisations, such as learned societies or local networks, run one-off courses teaching a technique.

Immediately following the 1st Neuroinformatics Con- gress, the INCF held a two-day autumn school for PhD students on methods for imaging cortical activity.

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The German Neuroscience Society supports a number of annual short neuroscience courses, amongst those being a 1-week course in Freiburg, on Analysis and Models in Neurophysiology. A4 Group 4 postdoctoral researchers Many neuroinformatics practitioners enter at the post- doctoral stage. These are mainly people who are educat- ed in one branch of science and who require training in another branch. The initial em- phasis was on pre- and postdoctoral training.

When the Swartz Foundation took over the funding in , having been co-sponsor from to , this became princi- pally a postdoctoral programme. The current Sloan-Swartz programme offers 2-year fel- lowships for both experimentally and theoretically trained scientists from the physical sciences to work in experimental brain research laboratories. In this environ- ment, they become conversant with neuroscience ques- tions and experimental approaches in neurobiology, enabling them to apply skills learned from studying the physical sciences to problems in neuroscience.

These centres vary in their requirement for Sloan-Swartz postdoctoral fellows to undergo formal training. The pro- 16 Several funding bodies offer fellowships for which aspir- ing researchers at the postdoctoral level could apply. Alter- natively, established life science researchers can apply for funding to develop ideas, skills and collaborations with physical scientists or engineers. This is to encourage people to come into the field. This applies to neuroinformatics or neuroscience.

The NIH will also pay this bonus to people with these Ph. Ds to enter NIH Intramural programmes. Researchers holding postdoctoral fellowships who want to develop skills in other disciplines can attend MSc courses usually at their own cost. In addition, postdoctoral researchers acquire training in specific techniques through attending at courses of a few days or less. These short courses have been described under the provision for PhD students in Section A3.

A5 Group 5 Academic staff There are no courses designed specifically for this group. It is very rare for them to attend the longest running short courses never in the case of the annual European course on computational neuroscience; occasionally for Woods Hole courses. Such courses tend to be designed with the early career researcher in mind. Additionally, spending several weeks studying at a course may not be feasible for academics. However, most of the teachers at the short courses are academic staff who benefit through interacting across the disciplines. Academics do attend short courses of a few days, particularly those attached to a larger event such as a conference.

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The number of aca- demics who attend varies from course to course. From to , Edinburgh University, UK, ran a one- week summer school on training in the use of neural sim- ulators, for around 30 students. Occasionally, academic staff attended as students and integrated well. There are other types of extended events attended by academics which can have a training element. One ex- ample of this is the 3-week neuromorphic engineering workshop held annually at Telluride, USA. Similar shorter workshops have been initiated in Europe, made possible by several EU-funded projects pooling their resources.

The Brain Connectivity Workshop www. It runs for days in spring every year in a different location.